A High Protein Diet May Cause Heart Failure In Middle-Aged Men
An earlier study shows.
But there are no studies to find out an association between risk of heart failure and excess consumption of the protein.
The American Heart Association says that about 20 percent of the Americans aged 40 years and older are at risk of heart failure. There is no cure or treatment for heart failure and heart failure can lower the life expectancy of a person. A person can prevent heart failure by eating a healthy diet and following a good lifestyle. A person can prevent heart failure with the following measures.
To lower the risk of heart disease, the American Heart Association says a person should eat the following food items.
A recent study has found an increased risk of fatal heart failure (HF) and lower life expectancy with a high protein diet such as keto or Atkins diet. Atkins diet is a low carbohydrate diet and Ketogenic (or keto) diet is a high fat, adequate-protein, and low-carb diet. But these diets often lead to the consumption of a high amount of protein. Researchers say that middle-aged people should eat food rich with vegetables and whole grains instead of eating high protein foods such as bacon and hamburger.
Researchers say this study is the first study to find an association between the risk of heart failure and a diet containing an excess protein. The United States government says an individual should consume about 0.8 grams of protein per day per kilogram of body weight.
An analytical and 22.2-year follow-up study was done on 2,441 middle-aged men in Finland, aged between 42 and 60 years. Researchers have used the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study data. The participants were divided into four groups based on the quantity and the type of protein consumption. They calculated the risk of heart failure with the protein consumption by using the Cox proportional hazard ratios.
The follow-up study shows the number of people diagnosed with heart failure event is 334. When they analyzed the consumption of the protein, 70 percent of the people with heart failure are consuming excess protein from the animal sources and 27.7 percent of them from the plant sources. The following table shows the percentage of enhanced risk of heart failure in a person with a specific type of high protein consumption.
Researchers say that there is no study to find out the association between heart failure and protein consumption. They also say that this study will apply to other populations, including women. Further investigation is required to find out the risk of heart failure with the diet and this study should be validated by another study. They say that it is premature to advocate for limiting the consumption of the protein to lower the risk of heart failure.
Researchers say how the food was prepared can play a role in the risk of heart failure. They think that the increased risk of heart failure is due to some amino acids. There is also a need to conduct a study to know the effect of the consumption of a moderate quantity of protein on heart health.
This study is not showing the cause-and-effect relationship between high protein consumption and heart failure. The study results did not include the risk of heart failure in women with high protein consumption.
The author of the study was Professor Jyrki Virtanen, Ph.D., nutritional epidemiology, the University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland. The study was published on May 29, 2018, in the journal Circulation: Heart Failure. Title of the article was "Intake of Different Dietary Proteins and Risk of Heart Failure in Men. The Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study."
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.