Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases. Article 314
Published on March 27, 2018 at 10:30 AM GMT

Obesity, poverty are the factors for higher type 2 diabetes risk for American Blacks

Type 2 diabetes risk among Blacks due to high blood glucose sugar levels and obesity body mass index BMI.

Earlier studies shows higher type 2 diabetic events among Black race adults when compared with White race adults. A current study results shows the increased type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk or risk disparities among Black race adults is largely due to following factors.

Researchers have conducted a 24 years follow-up study among 4,251 non-diabetic Black and White adults, both men and women, aged between 18 to 30 years. About 49 percent of them were Black and about 54 percent of them were women. Researchers used multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazards models in their studies. The follow-up study has observed following

Researchers have found that the race is not a factor to the development of type 2 diabetes when they accounted traditional risk factors factors which contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes among American Blacks such as neighborhood segregation and poverty levels, obesity (overweight or higher body mass index BMI), depression, education and employment.

Researchers says their study suggests risk to the development of type 2 diabetes associated with race can be reduced by eliminating differences in traditional risk factors between Whites and Blacks. But the researchers says it is not an easy fix as everybody should receive equal economic opportunity, should have enough money to eat healthy food and they should get space for physical activity.

Earlier study shows neighborhoods of Black people are with fewer places for physical activity, fewer grocery stores and people living in those areas are with higher rates of poverty. Study found these factors contribute to the development of obesity and diabetes among Black people living in those areas.

Black race people should understand risk disparities in the development of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes and heart disease risks can be reduced successfully by keeping their blood pressure and blood sugar levels within limits, avoiding smoking, performing regular exercise or workout, eating healthy diet and taking medication regularly.

Lead author of the study was Michael P. Bancks, PhD, a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, United States. The study findings were published December 26, 2017 in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Title of the article was "Association of Modifiable Risk Factors in Young Adulthood With Racial Disparity in Incident Type 2 Diabetes During Middle Adulthood." DOI : doi.org/10.1001/jama.2017.19546

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