Obesity, poverty are the factors for higher type 2 diabetes risk for American Blacks
Earlier studies show higher type 2 diabetic events among Black race adults when compared with White race adults. A current study result shows the increased type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk or risk disparities among Black race adults is largely due to following factors.
Researchers have conducted a 24-year follow-up study among 4,251 non-diabetic Black and White adults, both men and women, aged between 18 and 30 years. About 49 percent of them were Black, and about 54 percent of them were women. Researchers used multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazards models in their studies. The follow-up study has observed following.
Researchers have found that the race is not a factor to the development of type 2 diabetes when they accounted traditional risk factors which contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes among American Blacks such as neighborhood segregation and poverty levels, obesity (overweight or higher body mass index BMI), depression, education and employment.
Researchers say their study suggests risk to the development of type 2 diabetes associated with race can be reduced by eliminating differences in traditional risk factors between Whites and Blacks. But the researchers say it is not an easy fix as everybody should receive the equal economic opportunity, should have enough money to eat healthy food and they should get space for physical activity.
An earlier study shows neighborhoods of Black people are with fewer places for physical activity, fewer grocery stores and people living in those areas are with higher rates of poverty. This study has found these factors contribute to the development of obesity and diabetes among Black people living in those areas.
Black race people should understand risk disparities in the development of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes and heart disease risks can be reduced successfully by keeping their blood pressure and blood sugar levels within limits, avoiding smoking, performing regular exercise or workout, eating the healthy diet and taking medication regularly.
Lead author of the study was Michael P. Bancks, PhD, a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, the United States. The study findings were published December 26, 2017, in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Title of the article was "Association of Modifiable Risk Factors in Young Adulthood With Racial Disparity in Incident Type 2 Diabetes During Middle Adulthood."
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.