Muscle Cramp Events Are Linked To The Nerve Function In Patients With Type 1 Diabetes
The muscle cramps are common in patients with diabetes. A study at the University of Toronto on patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) shows a link between the functioning of certain nerve fibers and the development of the muscle cramps, the number of muscle cramp events and severity of the muscle cramp.
The researchers have conducted a study between April 2009 and November 2012 on 51 patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D), 37 people without diabetes and 69 patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). All the participants have gone through the clinical evaluation and a series of tests. In the study, the researchers have measured the nerve response to the muscle cramps and observed the frequency and severity of the muscle cramps.
The study shows a large number of muscle cramps and intense muscle cramps in patients with diabetes. Researchers say that the damage to the nerve in patients with type 1 diabetes is different when compared with the damage to the nerve in patients with type 2 diabetes.
The complications of muscle in patients with type 1 diabetes are due to the dysfunction of the large and small fiber nerves and the complications are independent of age, gender and HbA1c (blood sugar levels). The Muscle cramps in the younger patients with type 1 diabetes are due to the neuropathy but other factors may play a bigger role in patients with type 2 diabetes.
The study also shows that the development and the spread of the muscle cramps in patients with diabetes go beyond the motor nerves. This study has opened a new research and the treatment options for the muscle cramps in patients with diabetes. Now, researchers are planning to conduct further study to find out how and why the muscle cramp events occur in patients with diabetes.
The study was published in January 2018, (Volume 129, Issue 1) in the journal Clinical Neurophysiology. Title of the article was "Cramps frequency and severity are correlated with small and large nerve fiber measures in type 1 diabetes."
Muscle cramp: A sudden, and painful contraction of one or more muscles is called muscle cramp. The muscle cramps are harmless but they can cause a severe pain. The person can not use the affected muscles temporarily. They usually subside on their own and rarely require a medical care.
But the affected person should consult a doctor if the muscle cramp is causing the following complications.
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.