Muscle cramp events and its frequency and its severity were linked to nerve function in type 1 diabetes, but not type 2 diabetes
Muscle cramps are common in diabetic patients. A study done by researchers at the University of Toronto emphasized muscle cramp events in diabetic patients. The study shows a link between the functioning of certain nerve fibers in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) to the development of muscle cramps, number of muscle cramp events and muscle cramp severity.
Researchers have conducted a study between April 2009 and November 2012 among 51 people with type 1 diabetes, 37 people without diabetes and 69 people with type 2 diabetes (T2D). All the participants have gone through clinical evaluation and a series of tests. During these studies, researchers have measured their nerve response to muscle cramps and observed frequency and severity of muscle cramps.
Their experiments show a sizeable number of muscle cramp events and intense muscle cramps in patients with diabetes. Researchers say nerve damage in patients with type 1 diabetes is different when compared with nerve damage in patients with type 2 diabetes. These complications in patients with type 1 diabetes are due to large and small fiber nerve dysfunction and these complications are independent of age, gender and HbA1c or blood sugar glucose levels. Muscle cramp events in younger patients with type 1 diabetes are due to neuropathy but other factors may play a bigger role in patients with type 2 diabetes.
They also say their study findings show development and spread of muscle cramps in patients with diabetes goes beyond the motor nerve and their findings have opened new research and treatment options for muscle cramps in patients with diabetes. Now, researchers are planning to conduct further studies to find out how and why muscle cramp events occur in patients with diabetes.
The study findings were published on January 2018, (Volume 129, Issue 1) in the journal Clinical Neurophysiology. Title of the article was "Cramps frequency and severity are correlated with small and large nerve fiber measures in type 1 diabetes."
Muscle cramp : A sudden and automatic contraction of one or more muscles is called muscle cramp. They inflict severe pain even though they are harmless. The person can not use the affected muscle temporarily. They usually subside on their own and rarely require medical care. But the affected person should consult a doctor if the muscle cramps cause following complications.
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.