Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle.  Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases
 Article 309
    Published on February 21, 2018

 

Fast-Food Takeaway Meal Can Increase The Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes And Coronary Heart Disease In Children

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The consumption of fast-food takeaway in the United Kingdom has increased by 25 percent with the help of mobile Apps between 1996 and 2006. When compared with homemade meals, takeaway meals will contain more calories, sodium and saturated fats with less starch, protein, fiber, vitamin C (and other vitamins) and minerals (iron and calcium) and folate.



Eating fast-food takeaway meal can cause type 2 diabetes, obesity and coronary heart diseases in kids or children.

A study shows 30 percent of the kids (children) are frequently consuming the takeaway and junk food and about 33 percent of children are overweight or obese by the time they finish their primary schooling. A regular consumption of the carry out meals linked to lower metabolism, obesity, type 2 diabetes (T2D) and coronary heart diseases in adults. The effects of the consumption of the takeaway or junk food on kids are not known.


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A study shows a future risk of type 2 diabetes and heart disease in children who ate carry out or takeaway meals for at least once a week.

Researchers have conducted a study on 1,948 kids, aged between nine and ten years from 85 primary schools in the United Kingdom. They collected information such as the usual diet, the source of the meal and the consumption of the takeaway meal and its frequency.

Researchers used the images of the popular takeaway foods being consumed to estimate the quantity of the takeaway food consumption and for the calculation of the energy density and the nutrient levels.



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Researchers also collected blood samples of the children to find out the blood fats, cholesterol levels, blood pressure levels and body fat composition. They also collected the physical measurements of the participants such as weight, height, the thickness of the skinfold and the waist circumference.

The following table shows the consumption of the takeaway meal in the United Kingdom by children (kids).


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Frequency of takeaway
food consumption
Number of children
(%)
Never or rare consumption 499 (26%)
Less than once in a week 894 (46%)
At least once in a week 555 (28%)

The study shows.

  • An increase in the skinfold thickness (measured with skinfold testing or caliper testing) and an increase in the fats of the body and bloodstream with the consumption of the takeaway meal.
  • A high levels of body fat, total cholesterol and LDL or "BAD" cholesterol in the kids consuming takeaway meals frequently. The above health parameters can increase the long-term risk of obesity, coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
  • The study shows the boys are more frequent consumers of the takeaway meal when compared to girls.
  • No differences in insulin resistance and blood pressure levels with the consumption of the takeaway.
  • The difference in the blood fat levels found to be similar in children of different ethnic groups.

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Authors say that a cut in the takeaway meal consumption will provide the short term and long term health benefits to children (kids). They also say that this study is an observational study and a further study is required to show a cause and effect relationship. But this study could not show the association between chronic diseases and takeaway meal consumption among children.

Lead author of the study was Angela S. Donin, a researcher at St. George's, University of London. The study was published December 3, 2017, in the Archives of Disease in Childhood. Title of the article was "Takeaway meal consumption and risk markers for obesity or higher body mass index (BMI), coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes and obesity in children aged 9-10 years: a cross-sectional study." DOI: dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2017-312981



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