Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases. Article 309
Published on February 21, 2018 at 8:00 AM GMT

Fast food take away meal consumption by kids children increases risk to type 2 diabetes, obesity and coronary heart diseases

Eating fast food take away meal by kids children cause type 2 diabetes, obesity, coronary heart diseases.

Consumption of fast food take away has increased by 25 percent with the help of Apps, online software applications and dedicated meal delivery systems between 1996 and 2006 in the United Kingdom. When compared with home made meals, take away meals contains more calories, sodium and saturated fats with less starch, protein, fiber, vitamin c (and other vitamins) and minerals (iron, calcium etc) and folate.

Studies shows 30 percent of kids and children frequently consume take away and junk food and about 33 percent of children are overweight or obese by the time they finish their primary schooling. Regular consumption of carry-out meals was linked to lower metabolism, obesity, type 2 diabetes (T2D) and coronary heart disease in adults. The effects with the consumption of take away or junk food on kids is not known.

A study shows risk to the development of type 2 diabetes and heart diseases later in the life among those children who consume carry-out or "take away" meals for at least once in a week.

Researchers have conducted studies among 1,948 kids, aged nine and ten years, belonging to 85 primary schools in United Kingdom with questions related to their usual diets, source of their meals and frequency of take away meals consumption.

Researchers used images of common take away foods being consumed to estimate quantity of consumption and for the calculation of energy density and nutrient levels.

Researchers also took children's blood samples to find out blood fats and cholesterol levels, blood pressure levels, body fat composition and physical measurements such as weight, height, skinfold thickness and waist circumference.

The following table shows take away meals consumption among children in United Kingdom.

Consumption frequency
of take away foods
Number of children
Never or rare consumption 499 (26%)
Less than once in a week 894 (46%)
At least once in a week 555 (28%)

The study findings shows

Authors of the study says reduction in take away meals consumption will provide both short term and long term health benefits to children or kids. They also says that their study is an observational study and further studies are required to show cause and effect relation ship. This study could not show the association between chronic diseases and take away meal consumption among children.

Lead author of the study was Angela S. Donin, a researcher at St. George's, University of London. The study findings were published December 3, 2017 in the Archives of Disease in Childhood. Title of the article was "take away meal consumption and risk markers for obesity or higher body mass index (BMI), coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes and obesity in children aged 9-10 years: a cross-sectional study." DOI : dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2017-312981

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Folate : Vitamin B9 and folic acid. Water soluble B vitamin.



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