Risk Of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) And Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction) With A High Sugar Diet
The survival time for a patient with coronary heart disease (CHD) is between 3.2 and 17 years. Coronary heart disease (CHD) is causing about one-sixth of human deaths in the United States. The function of the heart is thought to be affected with the over-consumption of the sucrose (or common table sugar) or fructose (or fruit sugar) as they can worsen the glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity. The severity of a heart attack can increase with the increase in the levels of the insulin resistance.
An earlier study also shows that hyperinsulinemia is an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). Hyperinsulinemia can worsen the other risk factors associated with heart diseases. Hyperglycemia (hyperglycaemia) without any symptoms is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and coronary heart disease (CHD). Hyperglycemia can be developed even in a person without diabetes.
A recent study suggests a diet containing added sugars may increase the risk of heart diseases such as coronary heart disease (CHD) and heart attack (myocardial infarction. MI). A diet with a high quantity of sugar is toxic to the heart of a person even without diabetes. The researchers reviewed the previous studies for a possible negative impact on the function of the heart with the high sugar diet and to find out the levels of added sugar that can increase the risk.
The study shows a diet contributing more than 25 percent of the calories from the added sugars may triple the risk of cardiovascular death (mortality) compared to a diet contributing less than ten percent of the calories from the added sugars.
The study has found that a diet with the excess sugar levels can increase the insulin resistance and the blood sugar levels in the body, causing an increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and heart attack (myocardial infarction. MI) The researchers say that the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and other cardiovascular problems can be decreased and a number of metabolic functions can be improved with the consumption of the diet containing less added sugars. The patients with pre-existing risk factors for heart diseases may also get the health benefits with a lower consumption of the diet containing added sugars.
Authors of the study were Dr. James J DiNicolantonio and Dr. James O'Keefe from St. Luke's Mid America Heart Institute, University of Missouri, Kansas City, Missouri, USA. The study was published December 2017, in the British Medical Journal (BMJ). Title of the article was "Added sugars drive coronary heart disease via insulin resistance and hyperinsulinaemia: a new paradigm."
Hyperinsulinemia: Hyperinsulinemia or hyperinsulinaemia is a condition in which the blood contains the excess levels of insulin (produced by the pancreas) relative to the levels of glucose (produced by the liver).
The high levels of insulin are often misdiagnosed as the hyperglycemia (high blood sugar glucose levels) or type 2 diabetes (T2D).
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.