Risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and heart attack (myocardial infarction) with high sugar diets
Coronary heart disease (CHD) with a survival time ranging from 3.2 to 17 years, causing about one-sixth of human deaths in the United States. The function of the heart thought to be affected with the over-consumption of sucrose (or common table sugar) or fructose (or fruit sugar) as they worsen glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity. The severity of heart attack increases as the levels of insulin resistance increases. An earlier study shows glucose intolerance is closely associated with heart disease risk factors such as blood pressure and high cholesterol levels.
An earlier study also shows hyperinsulinemia is an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). Hyperinsulinemia worsens other risk factors associated with heart diseases. Hyperglycaemia or Hyperglycemia without any symptoms is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and coronary heart disease (CHD). Hyperglycemia can be developed even in a person without diabetes.
A recent study by researchers suggests diet containing added sugars may increase the risk of heart diseases such as coronary heart disease (CHD) and heart attack (myocardial infarction ). High quantity of sugar consumption is toxic to the heart even to a person without diabetes. Researchers reviewed the previous studies for possible negative impact on heart function with sugar consumption and to find out the levels of added sugar that cause risk of harm.
The study findings show a diet contributing more than 25 percent of the calories from added sugars may triple the risk for cardiovascular mortality compared to a diet contributing less than ten percent of the calories from added sugars.
The study found that a diet with excess sugar levels increases insulin resistance and blood sugar levels in the body, causing an increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and heart attack (myocardial infarction ). Researchers say the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and other cardiovascular problems can be decreased and a number of metabolic functions can be improved with the consumption of the diet containing less added sugars. Patients with pre-existing risk factors for heart diseases may also get health benefits with a lower consumption of the diet containing added sugars.
Authors of the study were Dr. James J DiNicolantonio and Dr. James O'Keefe from St. Luke's Mid America Heart Institute, University of Missouri, Kansas City, Missouri, USA. The study was published December 2017 in the British Medical Journal (BMJ). Title of the article was "Added sugars drive coronary heart disease via insulin resistance and hyperinsulinaemia: a new paradigm."
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Hyperinsulinemia : Hyperinsulinemia or hyperinsulinaemia is a blood condition in which blood contains excess levels of insulin (produced by the pancreas) relative to levels of glucose (produced by the liver). High levels of insulin often misdiagnosed as Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar glucose levels) or type 2 diabetes (T2D).
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.