Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle.  Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases
 Article 304
    Published on February 10, 2018

The number of complications that may be developed in a type 2 diabetes patients is not linked to the diabetes severity

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) condition increases risks to cardiovascular and heart diseases, high blood pressure and complications to eye, oral and kidneys. A study shows the number of complications or associated conditions those may be developed later in a type 2 diabetes patient appears to be not linked with the severity of the type 2 diabetes condition in that patient.

Researchers have conducted a study among 160 men and women adult individuals with an average age of 56 years. Researchers looked into following possible complications associated with a type 2 diabetes in diabetic patients.

  • HbA1c or A1c levels, which indicate three-month average blood sugar levels. High blood glucose levels cause multiple health complications.
  • LDL or "BAD" cholesterol levels. LDL cholesterol causes build up of fatty matter leading to plaque formation in arteries, a risk factor for atherosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases, stroke and heart attack.
  • Blood pressure. Studies show added sugars (particularly fructose or fruit sugar) and sodium (in salts and diet) increases blood pressure. Blood pressure is a risk factor for heart and cardiovascular diseases.
  • Chronic kidney or renal disease (CKD). Diabetes patients are at higher risk of kidney failure.
  • Retinal (or retinaldehyde) health. Diabetes patients are at higher risk of diabetic retinopathy (vision complications).
  • Periodontal (gum) health. Bacterial infections cause periodontal disease and damages bone and soft tissues that support gums. Diabetes patients are at risk of gum or teeth complications.
  • Foot complications. Diabetes causes poor blood flow in small arteries and damage nerves leading to foot complications.
  • Depression screening. Diabetes patients are at higher risk of depression.
  • Body mass index (BMI), which measures fat in the body. Higher fat levels increase body insulin resistance and worsen blood sugar levels (or type 2 diabetes).

Researchers used the Diabetes Cross-Disciplinary Index (DXDI) to rate the severity of above health conditions from 1 (good control or no condition) to 5 (poor control or worse disease condition) in an individual. Researchers assigned a "LOW" category to an individual receiving a rating of none to two conditions and "HIGH" category to an individual with a DXDI score of three or more.

Most diabetes people have two or more chronic health complications and researchers found the same number of diabetes complications among individuals with "HIGH" and "LOW" HbA1c levels indicating the number of complications associated with type 2 diabetes is not linked with the severity of the type 2 diabetes condition.

The number of diabetes-related health complications in a type 2 diabetes patient is not linked to diabetes severity.

Author of the study was Adeba Mohammad, a researcher and also a medical student, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, California, the United States. The study findings were presented at the World Congress on Insulin Resistance, Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease, held between November 30 and December 2, 2017, at Los Angeles, United States.

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