A global committee of leading nutrition scientists from the International Carbohydrate Quality Consortium (ICQC) says lower risk of cardiovascular disease, inflammation, obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) with the consumption of whole grains (such as barley, oats, wheat, rye, brown & red rice, corn and millet) and milled whole grains (food items such as pasta and wholemeal bread).
They also say the reduction in the risk of death with the consumption of two portions of whole grain foods or with dry whole grains weighing 16 grams. They say these benefits are due to fiber and nutrients present in these whole grain food items. But the recommended upper amount limit on the consumption of whole grains is not clear. Previous studies show cereal fiber present in whole grains plays a major role in reducing the risk of colorectal cancer.
Heart failure condition is the most common reason for adults to visit hospitals. About 20 percent of the heart failure patients were patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). A study done by researchers shows a less likely risk of hospitalization or premature death among non-diabetic heart failure patients. The study also shows heart failure patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) can minimize their hospitalization and premature death risks by controlling blood sugar or glucose levels.
Researchers have analyzed records of about 49,000 older heart failure patients registered between 2002 and 2014 from the patient registry, United Kingdom. About 26,000 patients (or 53 percent) among them died during the study.
The study results show 24 percent enhanced death or mortality risk with diabetes during the study period among diabetic adult heart failure patients when compared to non-diabetic patients. Likely risk of the first hospitalization during the study period was 29 percent among diabetic adult heart failure patients when compared to non-diabetic patients. Researchers found a high risk of hospital admission and death with both low levels of blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and high levels of blood glucose (hyperglycemia) levels. But lower risks among diabetic older heart failure patients with well-controlled blood sugar or glucose levels.
Experts say type 2 diabetes (T2D) may enhance risks to diabetic cardiomyopathy (heart muscle disorder) and coronary artery disease among diabetic heart failure patients. Researchers say additional risks with diabetes among diabetic older heart failure patients can be minimized by keeping blood sugar or glucose levels within a normal range over a longer period.
Lead author of the study was Claire A. Lawson, University of Keele, United Kingdom. The study findings were published October 11, 2017 in the JACC: Heart Failure. Title of the article was "Association Between Type 2 Diabetes and All-Cause Hospitalization and Mortality in the UK General Heart Failure Population. Stratification by Diabetic Glycemic Control and Medication Intensification."
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.