A study shows 27 percent of lower risk and protective effect to some patients of type 2 diabetes with the consumption of red wine and dark chocolate. They contain a high amount of antioxidants such as vitamin C, vitamin E, lycopene (carotenoid) or flavonoids. Other food items containing the high amount of antioxidants are vegetables, fruits, prunes, blueberries, strawberries, tea, coffee and nuts (hazelnuts and walnuts).
The study has tracked the consumption of 200 different food items. The study shows a lower risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) by increasing the antioxidant levels in the body to 15 mmol per day. The researchers came to this conclusion after conducting a study on 64,223 women between 1993 and 2008.
Another significant finding is that a patient of type 2 diabetes (T2D) will be benefited with the antioxidant foods even though the patient has other risk factors to type 2 diabetes such as.
Author of the study was Francesca Romana Mancini, French Institute of Health and Medical Research, an Inserm research group, Paris, France. The study was published on November 9, 2017, in the Diabetologia. Title of the article was "Dietary antioxidant capacity and risk of type 2 diabetes in the large prospective E3N-EPIC cohort."
A 10-year long Danish study shows seven-times higher risk of mortality from sudden cardiac death (SCD) or heart failure and eight-times higher risk of mortality from any type of heart disease in children and young adult patients of diabetes (aged between one and 49 years).
A condition called "Dead-in-Bed" syndrome is another risk factor for patients of type 1 diabetes (T1D). The researchers have found six dead-in-bed events in the current study but how it happens is not known.
The researchers have analyzed health records of children and young adults aged between 1 and 35 years between 2000 and 2009 and young adults aged between 36 and 49 years between 2007 to 2009. The study has found 14,294 deaths.
About five percent (or 669) of the dead people had diabetes. About 30 percent (or 198) of the dead patients of diabetes had type 2 diabetes (T2D) and about 70 percent (or 471) of the dead patients of diabetes had type 1 diabetes (T1D).
Their analysis shows five times enhanced the risk of death from heart diseases in patients of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and 12 times enhanced risk of death from heart diseases in patients of type 1 diabetes (T1D).
Even though patients of diabetes may control their blood glucose (sugar) levels, diabetes leads to abnormalities in the blood vessels and increases the risk of sudden cardiac death. Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in patients of diabetes.
An earlier study shows an intensive diabetes management can reduce the complications related to cardiovascular diseases in a patient of diabetes.
Researchers say that children and young adult patients of diabetes should control blood sugar, cholesterol, blood lipids, blood pressure levels, should avoid tobacco use, lifestyle modification and perform regular exercise. This study shows an association between heart diseases and diabetes but does not provide a cause and effect relationship.
The lead author of the study was Jesper Svane, a medical student, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark. The study was published on November 14, 2017, in the Circulation. Title of the article was "Abstract 20507: Young Persons With Diabetes Have a 7-Fold Increased Risk of Sudden Cardiac Death Compared to Persons Without Diabetes: A Nationwide Cohort Study in Denmark."
Dead in bed: A sudden, unexplained and rare form of death in healthy and young patients of type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent), without any illness, hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia symptoms, is described as "Dead in Bed" syndrome.
This type of death is caused in about six percent of the patients of type 1 diabetes (T1D), aged below 40 years. Reasons are not known.
The clinical reports suggest that a sudden death is due to cardiac arrhythmia, may be caused due to their nighttime hypoglycemia. "Dead in Bed" syndrome is more common after the usage of synthetic insulin. There are no deaths due to "Dead in Bed" syndrome in patients of type 2 diabetes (T2D).
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.