Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases. Article 284
Published on January 2, 2018 at 3:00 PM GMT


Type 2 diabetes protection with antioxidant foods containing Vitamin C & E, lycopenes or flavonoids

Antioxidant foods containing Vitamin C E, lycopenes flavonoids reduces and protects type 2 diabetes. A study done by researchers shows 27 percent risk reduction and protective effect to diabetes in some persons with the consumption red wine and dark chocolate. These foods contains high antioxidants such as vitamins C & E, lycopenes (a major carotenoid) or flavonoids. Other food items in the list are vegetables, fruits, prunes, blueberries, strawberries, tea, coffee and nuts (hazelnuts and walnuts).


The study tracked consumption of 200 different food items. The study results shows lower risk to the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) by increasing antioxidant levels in the body to 15 mmol per day. Researchers came to this conclusion after conducting studies among 64,223 women between 1993 to 2008. Another significant finding is that a type 2 diabetes (T2D) person will be benefited with antioxidant foods even though the person's association to other risk factors such as

Author of the study was Francesca Romana Mancini, French Institute of Health and Medical Research, an Inserm research group, Paris, France. The study findings were published November 9, 2017 in the Diabetologia. Title of the article was "Consumption of antioxidant-rich foods is associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, study shows."


       
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Cardiac death or heart failure and "dead in bed" syndrome among children and young adults with diabetes
Cardiac death or heart failure and dead in bed syndrome among children and young adults with diabetes. A 10-year long Danish study shows seven-times higher risk of mortality from sudden cardiac death (SCD) or heart failure and eight-times higher risk of mortality from any type of heart disease among children and young adults with diabetes (aged between 1 to 49 years). A condition called "dead-in-bed" syndrome is an another risk factor for patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Researchers have found six dead-in-bed events in the current study but how it happens is not known.

Researchers analyzed health records of children and young adults aged between 1 to 35 years during 2000 to 2009 and young adults aged between 36 to 49 years during 2007 to 2009. Over all deaths found were 14,294. About five percent or 669 people of the dead people had diabetes. About 30 percent or 198 dead people had type 2 diabetes (T2D) and about 70 percent or 471 dead people had type 1 diabetes (T1D). Their analysis shows five times higher mortality rate among diabetic people compared with non-diabetic people. Enhanced risk of death from heart diseases is five times among type 2 diabetes (T2D) people and 12 times among type 1 diabetes people (T1D).


Even though diabetic patients control their blood glucose or sugar levels, diabetes causes abnormalities in the blood vessels and increases risk to sudden cardiac death. Cardiovascular diseases is the leading cause of death in patients with diabetes. Earlier studies shows intensive diabetes management measures will reduce cardiovascular related complications in a patient with diabetes. Researchers says children and young adults with diabetes should control their blood sugar, cholesterol, blood lipids, blood pressure levels, should avoid tobacco usage, modify lifestyle and perform regular exercise. This study provides association between heart events and diabetes and does not provide cause-and-effect relationship.

Lead author of the study was Jesper Svane, a medical student, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark. The study findings were published November 14, 2017 in the Circulation. Title of the article was "Abstract 20507: Young Persons With Diabetes Have a 7-Fold Increased Risk of Sudden Cardiac Death Compared to Persons Without Diabetes: A Nationwide Cohort Study in Denmark."

       
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Cardiac death : See cardiac arrest.

Dead in bed : A sudden and unexplained rare death among perfectly fine young type 1 diabetes (insulin dependent) patient, without illness, hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia symptoms, is described as "dead in bed" syndrome. This type of death accounts about 6 percent of the type 1 diabetes patients (T1D), aged bellow 40 years. Reasons are not known. Clinical reports suggests sudden deaths are due to cardiac arrhythmia, may be triggered due to nighttime hypoglycemia condition. Dead in bed syndrome incidents became more common after the usage of synthetic insulin. There are no dead in bed syndrome incidents in type 2 diabetes patients (T2D).

 

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