Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle.  Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases
 Article 279
    Published on December 11, 2017

A limited calorie diet and regular exercise or workout could improve cognitive processes of the brain such as decision making

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients are at risk of poor cognitive processes such as decision making due to poor oxygen and glucose-rich blood circulation to the brain. A study done by researchers shows an increase in blood circulation to the brain in people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) by performing regular exercise or workout and with the consumption of healthy and limited calorie diet, particularly among overweight individuals but not obese.

Researchers have conducted a study spanning 10 years involving obese or overweight individuals, aged between 45-76 years with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Researchers in their studies used Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) study data. Researchers have investigated for positive effects on the brain with regular exercise or workouts and limited calories diet.

Participants of the study group were divided into two groups. The first group had to attend classes. Participants of the second group (or control group) carried out weekly exercise for 175 minutes and limited calories diet (between 1,200 and 1,800 calories) intended to lose weight. Researchers have conducted regular screenings of the participants of both groups during 10 years of study period.

Researchers took MRI brain scan at the end of 10 years of the enrollment and study period. They also studied participants mental functions such as decision-making ability, verbal learning, memory and other cognitive functions. The study results show better blood flow to the brain among the group of participants who are doing 175 minutes of weekly exercise and under limited calories diet. But the results were better among those individuals who were overweight but not obese.

Limited calorie diet exercise workout could improve brain cognitive processes such as decision making.

Author of the study was Nick R. Bryan, the University of Pennsylvania, United States. The study findings were published October 30, 2017, in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. Title of the article was "Long Term Effect of Intensive Lifestyle Intervention on Cerebral Blood Flow."

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Two cans of fizzy pop soda (a sugar-sweetened beverage SSB) a week increases the risk of heart diseases and type 2 diabetes

A study done by researchers shows the risk of weight gain and to the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D), heart diseases, stroke and metabolic syndrome with the consumption of two or more 12-ounce cans of fizzy pop soda or carbonated soft drink (a sugar-sweetened beverage SSB) a week. Other risks found by the study with the consumption of fizzy pop are

  • Fat stomachs
  • A decrease in insulin sensitivity by 17 percent
  • High level of fats and cholesterol in the blood
  • Increased blood pressure or hypertension
  • Low levels of HDL or "GOOD" cholesterol in the blood

Authors of the study say there was a pattern of consuming too much sugar along with poor diet choices, sedentary behavior and tobacco usage during the last few decades and this trend is increasing risks to weight gain, obesity, type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardio-metabolic diseases. Earlier studies show type 2 diabetes (T2D) can be avoided by eating a healthy diet (of limited calories) and daily exercise.

Researchers reviewed 36 previous studies during the past decade to assess the cardiometabolic effects with the consumption of more than five fizzy pop (sugar-sweetened beverage) drinks per week. Most of the earlier studies found a link between the development of metabolic syndrome with the consumption of sugary drinks or fizzy pop drinks.

Pop soda carbonated drink or Sugar-Sweetened beverage increase risk of heart diseases type 2 diabetes.

Senior author of the study was Dr. Faadiel M. Essop, Ph.D., Cardio-Metabolic Research Group, Physiological Sciences, Stellenbosch University, South Africa. The study findings were published November 2, 2017, in the Journal Of The Endocrine Society. Title of the article was "Frequent Sugar-sweetened Beverage Consumption and the Onset of Cardiometabolic Diseases: Cause for Concern?."

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