Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases. Article 271
Published on November 29, 2017 at 9:30 AM GMT

Study shows omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) fats may help in preventing type 2 diabetes

Omega-6 fats PUFAs may help in preventing type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease and inflammation.

Earlier studies have indicated that omega-6 foods may increase body inflammation, a risk factor to chronic diseases. A current large global study done by researchers shows significant risk reduction to the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) by eating diet rich in omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs).

Researchers analyzed records of 39,740 individuals from 20 studies belonging to 10 countries. They found 4,347 new type 2 diabetes (T2D) cases over a period of time. In their studies, researchers tested for the levels of linoleic acid and arachidonic acid, two key markers of omega-6 polyunsaturated fats. Results shows 35 percent less likely risk to the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) among those individuals with highest blood levels of linoleic acid (a major omega-6 marker) compared to those individuals with least blood levels of linoleic acid. But arachidonic acid (another omega-6 marker) was not associated with either lower or higher risk to the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D).

Our body obtains linoleic acid through diet as our body does not produce linoleic acid naturally. This fat is found mostly in nuts, seeds and vegetable oils. As per US dietary guidelines, an individual should get 5 to 10 percent of the energy through polyunsaturated fats.

Lead author of the study was Dr Jason H Y Wu, M.Sc, Ph.D., a senior research fellow, Food Policy Group, from The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney, Australia and the senior author of the study was Professor Dariush Mozaffarian, a cardiologist, from the Gerald J. and Dorothy R. Friedman School of Nutrition Science & Policy, from Tufts University Massachusetts, United States. The study findings were published on October 11, 2017 in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology. Title of the article was "Omega-6 fatty acid biomarkers and incident type 2 diabetes: pooled analysis of individual-level data for 39,740 adults from 20 prospective cohort studies."

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Omega-6 : Like omega-3 fatty acids, omega-6 fatty acids is a polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA). It is required for optimal health of an individual. Our body can not produce omega-6 fatty acids naturally. This can be consumed in moderation in place of saturated fats. We get following health benefits with omega-6 fatty acids.

Following foods gives us highest omega-6 fatty acids.



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