Healthcare experts say that the risk of high blood sugar (glucose) levels (type 2 diabetes) can be lowered by eating a plant-based diet instead of a meat-based diet. Now experts from Singapore say that the risk of high blood sugar levels (type 2 diabetes. T2D) depends on the type of meat consumption.
A study by researchers at the Duke NUS Medical School, Singapore, shows a higher risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) with the consumption of poultry or red meat. They say that the cause of higher risk of type 2 diabetes is due to the higher content of heme iron in red meat. The human body can easily absorb heme iron.
The researchers have conducted an 11-year follow-up study on more than 63,000 adults, aged between 45 and 74 years. The study shows 23 percent of the increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) with the consumption of red meat and 15 percent of the higher risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) with the consumption of poultry.
But there is no risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) with the consumption of shellfish or fish. The study also shows that the risk associated with the consumption of poultry or red meat can be lowered by replacing them with fish or shellfish.
Senior author of the study was Professor Koh Woon Puay, Ph.D., Clinical Sciences, Duke-NUS Medical School (Duke-NUS). The study was published on September 5, 2017, in the American Journal of Epidemiology. Title of the article was "Meat, Dietary Heme Iron, and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: The Singapore Chinese Health Study ."
Red meat: The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) says all mammal meat is red meat as they contain more myoglobin (a protein which binds oxygen and iron) when compared with the fish meat. The meat of the following are considered as red meat
A study by Danish researchers shows a delay in the onset of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and even the prevention of type 2 diabetes (T2D) with the consumption of the Cafestol present in the coffee.
After discounting the positive effects of the caffeine present in coffee in lowering the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D), a study on KKAy mice or KK-Ay mouse models (which are prone to the development of type 2 diabetes) shows additional health benefits of the Cafestol. The study has found that the Cafestol can lower the blood sugar levels and improves the secretion of insulin.
Senior author of the study was Fredrik Brustad Mellbye, Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark. The study was published on August 1, 2017, in the Journal of Natural Products. Title of the article was "Cafestol, a Bioactive Substance in Coffee, Has Antidiabetic Properties in KKAy Mice."
Coffea arabica coffee bean contains about 0.4 to 0.7 percent of cafestol by weight. Cafestol will be more in unfiltered coffee such as Turkish coffee (a method in preparing unfiltered coffee) or with French press coffee brewing device (also known as a press pot, cafeteria, coffee plunger or coffee press). The presence of cafestol in filtered coffee is negligible.
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.