Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle. Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases. Article 258
Published on October 13, 2017 at 5:00 PM GMT


Enhanced risk for type 2 diabetes with a diet rich in poultry or red meat

Type 2 diabetes T2D high blood sugar or glucose levels with poultry, red meat, beef, goat, horse, lamb.

Healthcare experts say the risk of high blood sugar or glucose levels (T2D type 2 diabetes) can be reduced by eating plant-based diet instead of meat-based diet. Now experts from Singapore say the risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D) or high blood sugar levels depends upon the type of meat an individual is consuming.

A study done by researchers at the Duke NUS Medical School, Singapore shows the risk of the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) will be higher with the consumption of poultry or red meat. They say the higher risk is caused due to the higher content of heme iron in red meat. The human body absorbs heme iron easily.

Researchers came to the above conclusion after conducting 11 years of follow up studies among more than 63,000 adults, aged between 45 and 74 years. Their study results show 23 percent increased risk for the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) with red meat consumption and 15 percent higher risk for the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) with poultry consumption. But there is no risk of the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) with shellfish or fish consumption. They also found that the risk associated with the consumption of poultry or red meat can be reduced by replacing them with fish or shellfish.

Senior author of the study was Professor Koh Woon Puay, PhD, Clinical Sciences, Duke-NUS Medical School (Duke-NUS). The study findings were published on September 5, 2017, in the American Journal of Epidemiology. Title of the article was "Meat, Dietary Heme Iron, and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: The Singapore Chinese Health Study ."

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Red meat : The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) says all mammal meat is red meat as they contain more myoglobin (a protein which binds oxygen and iron) compared with the meat of fish. Examples or red meat animals list: beef, goat, horse, lamb, mutton and veal.


Cafestol substance present in coffee could prevent or delay type 2 diabetes

Coffee cafestol prevents or delays high blood sugar or glucose levels in type 2 diabetes T2D.

A study done by Danish researchers shows delayed onset of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and even prevention of type 2 diabetes (T2D) with the consumption of Cafestol substance present in coffee.

After discounting the positive effects of caffeine substance present in coffee in reducing the risk of the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D), researchers found health benefits of Cafestol while conducting experiments with mouse models (KKAy mice or KK-Ay mouse models, which are prone to the development of type 2 diabetes). They found lower blood sugar levels and improvement in the production of insulin in those experiments.

Senior author of the study was Fredrik Brustad Mellbye, Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark. The study findings were published on August 1, 2017, in the Journal of Natural Products. Title of the article was "Cafestol, a Bioactive Substance in Coffee, Has Antidiabetic Properties in KKAy Mice."

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Cafestol : Cafestol along with other compounds gives pharmacological and biological effects of coffee. Coffea arabica coffee bean contains about 0.4 to 0.7 percent of cafestol by weight. Cafestol will be more in unfiltered coffee drink preparation such as Turkish coffee (a method in preparing unfiltered coffee) or with French press coffee brewing device (also known as a press pot, cafeteria, coffee plunger or coffee press). Presence of cafestol in filtered coffee is negligible.



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