Healthcare experts say the risk of high blood sugar (glucose) levels (type 2 diabetes) can be reduced by eating a plant-based diet instead of meat-based diet. Now experts from Singapore say the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) or high blood sugar levels depends upon the type of the meat.
A study by researchers at the Duke NUS Medical School, Singapore, shows the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) will be higher with the consumption of poultry or red meat. They say the higher risk is caused due to the higher content of heme iron in red meat. The human body can easily absorb heme iron.
Researchers came to the above conclusion after conducting an 11-year follow-up study on more than 63,000 adults, aged between 45 and 74 years. The study shows 23 percent of the increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) with the consumption of red meat and 15 percent higher risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) with the poultry consumption. But there is no risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) with shellfish or fish consumption. They also found that the risk associated with the consumption of poultry or red meat can be reduced by replacing them with fish or shellfish.
Senior author of the study was Professor Koh Woon Puay, Ph.D., Clinical Sciences, Duke-NUS Medical School (Duke-NUS). The study was published on September 5, 2017, in the American Journal of Epidemiology. Title of the article was "Meat, Dietary Heme Iron, and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: The Singapore Chinese Health Study ."
Red meat : The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) says all mammal meat is red meat as they contain more myoglobin (a protein which binds oxygen and iron) when compared with the fish meat. The meat of the following are considered as red meat
A study by Danish researchers shows a delay in the onset of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and even the prevention of type 2 diabetes (T2D) with the consumption of Cafestol present in the coffee.
After discounting the positive effects of the caffeine present in coffee in reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D), a study on mouse models (KKAy mice or KK-Ay mouse models, which are prone to the development of type 2 diabetes) found additional health benefits of Cafestol. The study found lower blood sugar levels and improvement in the production of insulin with cafestol.
Senior author of the study was Fredrik Brustad Mellbye, Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark. The study was published on August 1, 2017, in the Journal of Natural Products. Title of the article was "Cafestol, a Bioactive Substance in Coffee, Has Antidiabetic Properties in KKAy Mice."
Cafestol : Cafestol with other types of compounds will give different pharmacological and biological effects of coffee. Coffea arabica coffee bean contains about 0.4 to 0.7 percent of cafestol by weight. Cafestol will be more in unfiltered coffee such as Turkish coffee (a method in preparing unfiltered coffee) or with French press coffee brewing device (also known as a press pot, cafeteria, coffee plunger or coffee press). Presence of cafestol in filtered coffee is negligible.
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.