Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle.  Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases
 Article 255
    Published on October 11, 2017


Risk reduction to coronary heart or artery disease (CAD) and dementia by playing the golf game

A study done by researchers at the Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, United Kingdom by the Sport Industry Research Centre (SIRC) shows 30 percent less likely risk of coronary heart disease (or coronary artery disease CAD or atherosclerosis) among those people who play golf game regularly. The study also found 14 percent higher chances of reporting general good health among golfers when compared with non-golf playing individuals. Dementia prevention is the other health benefit when playing the golf game. This study was conducted by Dr. Steven Mann, Research Director of ukactive, London.



Risk reduction to coronary heart or artery disease (CAD) and dementia by playing a golf game.

 




       
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Cardiovascular disease, heart attack or stroke risks may be predicted and prevented by brain-scanning for the symptoms of stress and blood pressure

Stress is an emotional state of pressure and strain in psychology. A largest brain-imaging study done by researchers at the Pittsburgh University, Pennsylvania, United States shows prevention of stroke and heart attack by scanning brain of an individual for the signs of stress symptoms. The study results show stressful events or symptoms effects brain with peculiar brain waves or patterns. This brain waves or patterns induces larger than expected increase in blood pressure, (BP) a risk factor for hypertension, cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and atherosclerosis.


This discovery led to the development of a screening programme which can identify and help in the measurement of those particular brain waves or patterns. Healthcare professionals can advise individuals who are at risk of cardiovascular (CVD) and heart diseases (as indicated by the brain screening program) with lifestyle changes or they can prescribe medications for the treatment of high blood pressure (BP) levels or hypertension and other risk factors. Researchers say chronic stress should be considered as a major danger and as an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) along with other risk factors such as diabetes or high blood sugar or glucose levels, high blood pressure (BP) or hypertension and tobacco usage.

To find out the association between brain and stressful events, researchers have conducted mental stress tests, which can induce stressful events and receive negative feedback among 153 women and 157 men participants, aged between 30 to 51 years. They monitored heartbeat rates and blood pressure (BP) levels during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. Researchers reliably measured size of the peculiar brain activity (as a calculator) wave patterns under stressful conditions. They successfully predicted participant's heart rate and blood pressure (BP) reactions with the help of artificial intelligence.


Scientists believe that stress (or anxiety) in the current environment causes overproduction of white blood cells. Risk of heart diseases increases as the overproduced white blood cells forms as a plaque in the arteries. Measures such as eating a balanced diet, undergoing psychological therapies and doing daily physical activity will help an individual in fighting risks associated with stress.

But researchers say their study shows proof-of-concept and their brain imaging tool might be a helpful someday in the future in identifying people who are at risk of hypertension or high blood pressure, (BP) cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and atherosclerosis due to stressful events.


Heart attack stroke risks prevented by brain-scanning imaging for the symptoms of stress blood pressure.

Senior author of the study was Professor Peter J. Gianaros, Ph.D, Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Lead author of the study was Dr. Ahmed A. Tawakol, M.D, Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts. The study findings were published on August 23, 2017, in the Journal of the American Heart Association. Title of the article was "A Brain Phenotype for Stressor-Evoked Blood Pressure Reactivity."




       
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