A study at the Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, United Kingdom by the Sport Industry Research Centre (SIRC) shows 30 percent less likely risk of coronary heart disease, coronary artery disease (CAD) or atherosclerosis in people who play the golf game regularly.
The study also found 14 percent higher chances of reporting general good health in people playing golf when compared with people not playing golf. The prevention of dementia is the other health benefit when playing the golf game. This study was conducted by Dr. Steven Mann, Research Director of ukactive, London.
Stress is an emotional state of pressure and strain in psychology. The largest brain-imaging (or neuroimaging) study at the Pittsburgh University, Pennsylvania, United States shows the prevention of stroke or heart attack by scanning the brain of an individual for the sign of stress symptoms.
The study shows that stressful events or symptoms can affect the brain with peculiar patterns. This brain wave patterns can induce a larger than expected increase in blood pressure, (BP) a risk factor for hypertension, cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and atherosclerosis.
This discovery has led to the development of a screening programme to identify and help in the measurement of those particular brain wave patterns. The healthcare professional can advise patients who are at the risk of cardiovascular (CVD) and heart diseases (as indicated by the brain screening program) with lifestyle changes or they can prescribe medications for the treatment for hypertension (high blood pressure levels. BP) and other risk factors.
The researchers say that the chronic stress should be considered as a major danger and as an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD), along with other risk factors such as high blood sugar (glucose) levels (type 2 diabetes), hypertension (high blood pressure. BP) and tobacco use.
To find out the association between brain and stressful events, the researchers have conducted the mental stress tests, which can induce stress and receive negative feedback on 153 women and 157 male participants, aged between 30 and 51 years.
They monitored the heartbeat and blood pressure (BP) levels during the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. The researchers have measured the size of the peculiar patterns (as a calculator) in stressful conditions. They were successful in predicting the heartbeat and blood pressure (BP) of the participants with the help of artificial intelligence.
The scientists believe that the stress (anxiety) in the current environment can cause the overproduction of the white blood cells. The risk of heart diseases can increase as the overproduction of the white blood cells can form as a plaque in the arteries. Measures such as eating a balanced diet, undergoing psychological therapy and doing daily physical activity will help an individual in fighting the risk associated with the stress.
But the researchers say that this study shows the proof of concept (POC). The brain-imaging tool might be useful someday in identifying the people who are at the risk of hypertension (high blood pressure. BP), cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and atherosclerosis by the stressful events.
The senior author of the study was Professor Peter J. Gianaros, Ph.D., Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The lead author of the study was Dr. Ahmed A. Tawakol, M.D, Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts.
The study was published on August 23, 2017, in the Journal of the American Heart Association. Title of the article was "A Brain Phenotype for Stressor-Evoked Blood Pressure Reactivity."
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.