Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle. Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases. Article 249
Published on September 19, 2017 at 7:30 AM GMT


 



Insufficient sleep hours increases the risk of type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance and body fat in children

Insufficient sleep increases the risk of type 2 diabetes insulin resistance body fats in children.

A study by researchers at the St. George's, University of London, the United Kingdom shows an association between future risk of the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D), insulin resistance and higher blood sugar or glucose levels with insufficient sleep (even one hour less sleep) in kids. Researchers came to above conclusion after conducting studies with 4,525 UK children, aged between 9 and 10 years, belonging to several ethnic groups.

Researchers took blood pressure, height, weight and bioimpedance from the study participants. Bioimpedance analysis is a low-cost noninvasive approach to measure how well body resists electrical current and for the assessment of clinical condition. They also recorded child's predisposition to type 2 diabetes (T2D), insulin, lipids and HbA1c after testing collected blood samples. Researchers calculated sleeping time with the kids sleep feedback. The study results show



  • Children were sleeping on an average 10.5 hours per night
  • No association with the development of cardiovascular diseases, blood pressure and lipids with sleep duration
  • An inverse relationship was observed between sleep duration and insulin resistance, body fat levels, insulin levels and blood sugar or glucose levels
  • Increased risk of insulin resistance and high blood sugar levels with just one hour of less sleep
  • An increase of 30 minutes mean sleep length during weekdays could lead to 0.5 percent decrease in insulin resistance and 0.1 kg/meter2 decrease in body mass index (BMI)

Authors say their study finding provides an early strategy to prevent the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in children and kids. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends sleep between 9 and 12 hours every night for children aged between 9 and 12 years.

Lead author of the study was Professor Christopher G. Owen from St. George's, University of London. The study findings were published in September 2017 issue of the journal Pediatrics. Title of the article was "Sleep Duration and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes."



       
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Diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) could be predicted with SmartMat™ from Podimetrics

Diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) could be predicted with SmartMat™ from Podimetrics.

Diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) complications are common among diabetic patients. About one-third of diabetic patients may be affected with foot ulcers at some point of time in their life. Now experts from Podimetrics, Somerville, Massachusetts, the United States based startup company has introduced a Remote Temperature Monitoring System™ and a SmartMat™ to collect foot temperature scans to predict foot ulcers and to reduce foot amputations among diabetic patients.



The SmartMat™, a heat mat contains sensors to detect spikes in the temperatures. Spikes in temperature in the foot is a warning sign for diabetic foot ulcers (DFU). Inventors say their product can reduce medical costs and amputations (leg, foot or toe areas) risks. Standing over the SmartMat for about 20 seconds every day is sufficient for the product to detect the temperature spikes and inflammation associated with foot ulcers. The monitoring service uploads the data and alerts to patient and physician. Patient and physician can work together with these warning alerts data and prevent ulcers from forming.

Feasibility and efficacy cohort study for 34 weeks duration with the SmartMat™ was conducted among 132 people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and having diabetic foot ulcers (DFU). The product identified and predicted the onset of 97 percent of the diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) in the patients. Co-founder and CEO of Podimetrics are Jon Bloom, M.D, and lead investigator was Robert Frykberg, M.D., Podiatric Medicine at Carl T Hayden VA Medical Center, Phoenix, United States. The study findings were published on May 2, 2017, in the Diabetes Care. Title of the article was "Feasibility and Efficacy of a Smart Mat Technology to Predict Development of Diabetic Plantar Ulcers."



       
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