Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle. Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases. Article 247
Published on September 16, 2017 at 9:30 AM GMT


 



Mothers with pregnancy preeclampsia may encounter heart diseases and stroke later in life

Mothers with pregnancy preeclampsia may encounter heart diseases stroke later in life.

A study done by researchers at the Mayo Clinic, Minnesota, United States shows likely risks to atherosclerosis among those women with a history of preeclampsia pregnancy complication. Researchers found that preeclampsia condition follows a mother even during her post-menopausal years.

Researchers for their studies used the Rochester Epidemiology Project records. They studied health records of post-menopausal women who experienced either preeclampsia pregnancy histories or normal pregnancy histories. They have found a higher risk of atherosclerosis during post-menopausal years among those women who faced preeclampsia pregnancies.



Researchers concluded that preeclampsia complications extend even after pregnancy. The American Heart Association acknowledges risks to heart diseases and stroke with preeclampsia. Authors say blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases should be monitored closely on regular basis among those post-pregnancy women who experienced preeclampsia.

Researchers say women's hidden health problems such as preeclampsia or atherosclerosis will appear when women are having a baby (that is during pregnancy time) as blood volume increases by 30 to 50 percent and heart works harder in order to pump more blood as pregnancy advances.

The study findings were published in the September 2017 issue of the Mayo Clinic Proceedings. Title of the article was "Carotid Artery Intima-Media Thickness and Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Women With Remote Histories of Preeclampsia: Results From a Rochester Epidemiology Project-Based Study and Meta-analysis."



       
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Risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) and heart attack (myocardial infarction MI) with elevated calcium levels

A risk of coronary artery disease CAD heart attack (myocardial infarction MI) with calcium.

Earlier studies show high levels of cholesterol, tobacco usage, alcohol consumption and diabetes are the main risk factors for the heart diseases. A study done by researchers at the Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, shows the risk of heart diseases such as coronary artery disease (CAD) and heart attack (or myocardial infarction MI) with elevated calcium levels in the bloodstream. Researchers say genetic predisposition is the possible reason for the increased levels of calcium in the bloodstream.

Researchers used Mendelian randomization technique to check the causal links between calcium levels in the bloodstream and heart attack and coronary artery disease (CAD). They have conducted a study with 184,305 individuals. Among them, 124,504 individuals were free from heart diseases and 60,801 individuals were diagnosed with coronary artery disease (CAD). Among coronary artery disease (CAD) diagnosed patients, 70 percent of them have experienced the heart attack. Researchers in their studies accounted for six genetic variants related to serum calcium levels.



They concluded their study by stating that higher risk of heart attack and coronary artery disease (CAD) with higher calcium levels in the bloodstream and higher serum calcium levels in the bloodstream are due to genetic predisposition. But researchers unable to establish coronary artery disease (CAD) or heart disease impact with calcium supplements in those individuals who are already genetically predisposed to higher levels of calcium.

This study was conducted by Dr. Susanna C. Larsson. The study findings were published on July 25, 2017, in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). Title of the article was "Association of Genetic Variants Related to Serum Calcium Levels With Coronary Artery Disease and Myocardial Infarction."



       
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Calcium : Our body requires calcium for the health of bones/teeth, for the performance of muscles/hormones/nerves and for blood clotting function. Bones and teeth keep 99 percent of our body calcium. Our body requires vitamin D to absorb and use calcium. Low levels of calcium or hypocalcemia condition lead to diseases such as osteoporosis.

 



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