Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle. Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases. Article 231
Published on August 23, 2017 at 5:00 AM GMT


 



Usage of anabolic androgenic steroids could cause heart attack and heart disease

Usage of anabolic androgenic steroids could cause a heart attack and heart disease.

Anabolic steroids (also known as anabolic androgenic steroids) are prescription based medicines. These drugs are being used by bodybuilders and athletes without medical consultation to look better, to increase their muscle mass, to improve fitness and to enhance athletic performance. These are anti-inflammatory in nature. Health care professionals prescribe anabolic steroids to patients to treat some types of anemia and to male individuals with testosterone deficiency.

A study done by the researchers shows damage to the heart muscle (reduced ability to pump required blood by the heart, a risk of heart failure), damages to arteries with plaque development (risk of coronary artery disease) and heart attacks with a long-term usage of anabolic steroids. Researchers had conducted studies with 140 male weightlifters. Some of them are using anabolic steroids.



Their study shows significant weakness in the blood pumping action of the heart during heart contraction (known as systolic function) among those individuals who are using anabolic steroids. Blood filling action while the main pumping chamber of the heart relaxes (known as diastolic function) too weakened in previous and current users of anabolic steroids. Researchers also found plaque build up in arteries, a risk factor for coronary artery disease with the long-term use of anabolic steroids. They also found a higher presence of LDL cholesterol or bad cholesterol in the blood and higher blood pressure levels among individuals using anabolic steroids. Researchers say the chronic use of anabolic steroids causes more permanent heart problems.

The National Institute on Drug Abuse, North Bethesda, Maryland, United States supported this study. Author of the study was Aaron L Baggish, an associate director, The Cardiovascular Performance Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, United States. The study findings were published on May 22, 2017, in the journal Circulation. Title of the article was "Cardiovascular Toxicity of Illicit Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use."



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Difficult to detect a heart attack in women who had breast implants

Difficult to detect a heart attack in women who had breast implants.

A study done by the researchers shows the difficulties for healthcare professionals in detecting cardiac problems or heart disease symptoms with electrocardiogram (ECG) tests in women who had breast implants (a breast enlargement surgery). Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) records the heart's rhythm and electrical activity over a period of time. This test can be used to diagnose a heart attack or to record missed heart attack symptoms. To record electrical activity, the equipment uses electrodes in the form of patches placed on chest, legs and arms. This study found that ECG equipment fails to give accurate electrical activity or diagnosing heart attack symptoms of women who had breast implants.



Researchers conducted ECG tests among 48 healthy women, aged between early the 30s and late 40s. Women who had breast implants were 28. The ECG test reports were analyzed by the experts. Two expert electrophysiologists say between 38 to 57 percent ECG reports of breast-implanted women were abnormal. But further tests in those women show their hearts are normal. Authors say possible reasons for not recording the accurate electrical activity of the heart with ECG equipment among women with breast implants are

  • Breast implants are blocking the electrical signals coming from the heart to the electrodes of ECG equipment
  • The position of the electrodes of ECG equipment was shifted with breast implants

Lead author of the study was Dr. Sok-Sithikun Bun, a cardiologist, Princess Grace Hospital, Monaco. The study findings were published on June 21, 2017, in The European Society of Cardiology. Title of the article was "Breast implants may impede ECG and lead to false heart attack diagnosis."



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