Anabolic steroids (also known as anabolic androgenic steroids) are prescription drugs. These drugs are being used by bodybuilders and athletes without a medical prescription to look better, to increase their muscle mass, to improve fitness and to enhance athletic performance. These are anti-inflammatory in nature. Healthcare professionals prescribe anabolic steroids to patients for the treatment of some types of anemia and to people with testosterone deficiency.
Damage to heart muscle reduces the ability of the heart in pumping blood and increases the risk of heart failure. A study shows a long-term usage of anabolic steroids damage the heart muscle and increases the risk of plaque formation (a risk factor for coronary artery disease). Researchers conducted a study with 140 male weightlifters. Some of them are using anabolic steroids.
This study shows a significant weakness in the blood pumping action of the heart during heart contraction (known as systolic function) in individuals who are using anabolic steroids. Blood filling action (while the main pumping chamber of the heart relaxes, known as diastolic function) was weakened in earlier and current users of anabolic steroids. Researchers also found the plaque build up in the arteries, a risk factor for coronary artery disease with a long-term use of anabolic steroids. They also found a higher LDL cholesterol or bad cholesterol levels in the blood and higher blood pressure levels among individuals using anabolic steroids. Researchers say a long-term use of anabolic steroids causes more permanent heart problems.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse, North Bethesda, Maryland, United States, supported this study. Author of the study was Aaron L Baggish, an associate director, The Cardiovascular Performance Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, United States. The study findings were published on May 22, 2017, in the journal Circulation. Title of the article was "Cardiovascular Toxicity of Illicit Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use."
A study shows the difficulties for healthcare professionals in detecting cardiac problems or heart disease symptoms with an electrocardiogram (ECG) in women who had breast implants (a breast enlargement surgery). Electrocardiogram (ECG) records the activity of the heart over a period. This test can be used to diagnose a heart attack or for recording warning signs of the heart attack. To record the electrical activity of the heart, the equipment uses electrodes in the form of patches, placed on the chest, legs and arms. This study found that ECG failed to give an accurate electrical activity of the heart or diagnosing heart attack warning signs of a woman who had breast implants.
A study on 48 healthy women, aged between the early 30s and late 40s. The number of women participants who had breast implants was 28. The ECG reports were analyzed by the experts. Two expert electrophysiologists say between 38 and 57 percent of ECG reports of breast-implanted women were abnormal. But further tests in those women show their hearts are normal. Authors say the possible reason for not recording the accurate signs of the heart with ECG equipment in women with breast implants are
Lead author of the study was Dr. Sok-Sithikun Bun, a cardiologist, Princess Grace Hospital, Monaco. The study was published June 21, 2017, in The European Society of Cardiology. Title of the article was "Breast implants may impede ECG and lead to false heart attack diagnosis."
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.