Anabolic steroids (also known as anabolic androgenic steroids) are prescription drugs. These drugs are being used by the bodybuilders and athletes without a medical prescription to look better, to increase their muscle mass, to improve fitness and to enhance athletic performance. These are anti-inflammatory in nature. Healthcare professionals prescribe anabolic steroids to patients for the treatment of some types of anemia and to people with testosterone deficiency.
Damage to the heart muscle can reduce the ability of the heart in pumping blood and can increase the risk of heart failure. A study shows long-term use of anabolic steroids can damage the heart muscle and can increase the risk of plaque formation (a risk factor for coronary artery disease). The researchers have conducted a study on 140 male weightlifters. Some of them are using anabolic steroids.
This study shows a significant weakness in the blood pumping action of the heart during the heart contraction (known as systolic function) in individuals who are using anabolic steroids. The blood filling action (while the main pumping chamber of the heart relaxes, known as diastolic function) was weakened in earlier and current users of anabolic steroids.
The researchers also found the plaque build up in the arteries, a risk factor for coronary artery disease with long-term use of anabolic steroids. They also found a higher LDL cholesterol or bad cholesterol levels in the blood and higher blood pressure in individuals using anabolic steroids. The researchers say that long-term use of anabolic steroids can cause more permanent heart problems.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse, North Bethesda, Maryland, United States, has supported this study. The author of the study was Aaron L Baggish, an associate director, The Cardiovascular Performance Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, United States. The study was published on May 22, 2017, in the journal Circulation. Title of the article was "Cardiovascular Toxicity of Illicit Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use."
A study shows the difficulty in detecting the cardiac problems or heart disease symptoms with an electrocardiogram (ECG) in women who had breast implants (a breast enlargement surgery). The electrocardiogram (ECG) records the activity of the heart over a period. This ECG test can be used to diagnose a heart attack or for recording the warning signs of the heart attack.
To record the electrical activity of the heart, the equipment uses electrodes in the form of patches, placed on the chest, legs and arms. This study has found that the ECG can not give an accurate electrical activity of the heart or in recording the warning signs of a heart attack of a woman who had breast implants.
A study was conducted on 48 healthy women, aged between the early 30s and late 40s. The number of women participants who had breast implants was 28. The ECG reports were analyzed by the experts.
Two expert electrophysiologists say that between 38 and 57 percent of the ECG reports of women with breast implants were abnormal. But further tests on those women show that their heart is functioning normally. This may be due to the following reasons.
The lead author of the study was Dr. Sok-Sithikun Bun, a cardiologist, Princess Grace Hospital, Monaco. The study was published on June 21, 2017, in The European Society of Cardiology. Title of the article was "Breast implants may impede ECG and lead to false heart attack diagnosis."
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.