A study at the University of Pittsburgh shows a way to find the risk of heart diseases in women with race and location of body fat. Excess fat accumulation around the heart is a risk factor for heart diseases. But only a specialized heart scan can show the fat accumulation around the heart.
Authors say their previous study plus the current study helped them in developing a tool to evaluate heart disease risk and also provides a suggestion for lifestyle modifications to reduce heart disease risk in women.
The researchers studied more than 520 women residing in Chicago and Pittsburgh, aged around 51 years with different stages of the menopause. They examined CT scans of the participants and blood pressure (BP). The study results show
The researchers say the worst outcomes in the heart health with abdominal fat for black men and women and the worst outcomes in the heart health with higher BMI for white men and women. Lead author of the study was Samar El Khoudary, Ph.D., associate professor, epidemiology, Pitts Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, United States. The study findings were published on August 2, 2017, in the journal Menopause. Title of the article was "Cardiovascular fat in women at midlife: effects of race, overall adiposity and central adiposity. The SWAN Cardiovascular Fat Study".
A study on 236,939 Swedish men, born between 1952 and 1956, shows enhanced risk in adults with cardiovascular diseases and admission to the hospital even if the patient recovers from pneumonia or sepsis infection.
The study shows the incidence of inflammation even after five years in patients recovered from pneumonia or sepsis infection. Heart diseases such as cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, heart diseases and stroke are associated with inflammation.
The following table shows risk of cardiovascular diseases after recovery from pneumonia or sepsis infection even after considering other risk factors such as obesity (overweight or higher body mass index. BMI) low physical activity (or sedentary behavior or couch potato behavior), high blood pressure (BP or hypertension) and household crowding (means needing one or more bedrooms at home) in childhood.
Co-author of the study was Scott Montgomery, Adjunct Professor, Orebro University, Sweden. The study was published on August 1, 2017, in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. Title of the article was "Severe infections and subsequent delayed cardiovascular disease."
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.