Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle. Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases. Article 225
Published on August 13, 2017 at 8:00 AM GMT


 



Association between frozen shoulder and type 2 diabetes

Association between frozen shoulder and type 2 diabetes.

A study done by the researchers at the Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel shows painful shoulder or frozen shoulder could be a warning sign of the type 2 diabetes (T2D) condition. Joint pain and persistent stiffness in the joint are the symptoms of frozen shoulder. Normal shoulder movements will become difficult with frozen shoulder problems and affect daily tasks. The frozen shoulder condition is also known as shoulder contracture or adhesive capsulitis. This problem generally occurs in those people who took shoulder surgery operation. Earlier studies show shoulder disorders are affecting 10 to 22 percent of the type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients compared between 2 to 4 percent in general medical patients. Experts believe that hyperglycemia condition increases swelling and inflammation in the joint and causes frozen shoulder. The study findings were published July 11, 2017, in the Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine. Title of the article was "Should Patients With Frozen Shoulder Be Screened for Diabetes Mellitus?".



 



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Frozen shoulder : Restricted movement of the shoulder associated with pain and stiffness is called frozen shoulder. This may be due to overuse of the shoulder, shoulder injury or diseases such as stroke or diabetes. This shoulder condition arises at a slow pace and goes at a slow pace over a period of time. This can be prevented if the condition is due to injury. Common risk factors for the frozen shoulder are

  • Aged more than 40 years
  • Gender: It affects mostly women (70 percent)
  • Diabetes or high sugar levels
  • Arm fracture, injury or surgery

An individual suffering from frozen shoulder should consult a doctor to know about the exercises programs to prevent a permanent shoulder stiffness. The American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) suggests frequent and gentle crossover arm stretch exercises get relief from frozen shoulder condition.

 



A study shows altering the sense of smell help weight loss and type 2 diabetes (T2D)

A study shows altering the sense of smell help weight loss and type 2 diabetes T2D.

A study done by the researchers at the University of California shows a risk reduction in type 2 diabetes (T2D) and weight loss by losing the sense of the smell (a key to enjoy eating). Experiments conducted on mouse models show weight loss and risk reduction in type 2 diabetes (T2D) with loss of smell sense. The gene therapy technique was used to losing smell sense in mouse models during researchers' experiments. They observed the rapid burning of calories and increased fat burning in the smell sense deficient mouse model, which was obese and having high sugar levels. But the mouse models regained weight and high sugar levels after regaining the smell sense. They also observed an increase in the noradrenaline hormone with loss of smell sense. Noradrenaline hormone is a risk factor for heart attack.



Researchers suggest burning of calories might be faster instead of storing in the body (in the form of fat) among those people who cannot smell their food. These results indicate an association between body metabolism and smell system or olfactory (part of the sensor system). Researchers say their findings, which suggests a smell sensory system role in body metabolism, can help those individuals having difficulties in losing weight.

Authors of the study say drugs can be made which can block metabolic circuitry without interfering with the sense of smell. The authors say their findings provide a practical and possible solution for the weight loss problem in obese individuals or type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. Senior author of the study was Dr. Andrew George Dillin, professor in molecular and cell biology and an investigator at Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Maryland, United States. The study findings were published July 5, 2017, in the journal Cell Metabolism. Title of the article was "The Sense of Smell Impacts Metabolic Health and Obesity".



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