A study at the University of Liverpool, UK shows a decrease in metabolic health and the muscle mass with a just two-week break (or a holiday) from the daily physical exercise. A two-week break from the daily exercise may lead to the chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes (T2D) and heart diseases. A current study shows the importance of daily physical activity and the adverse health consequence with a sedentary behavior when an individual takes a 14-day (or a two-week) break (holiday) from the daily physical activity.
A study was conducted on 28 individuals with an average age of 25 years and 25kg/m2 of BMI to find out the risk factors to the chronic diseases when a person takes a 14-day break from the daily physical activity. Investigators observed changes in the body composition, decrease in cardio-respiratory fitness and the skeletal muscle mass and increase in the total fat in the central area.
Changes in the total body fat and the accumulation of fat in the central area of the body are the major risk factor for the development of chronic diseases. Author of the study was Dr. Kelly Bowden-Davies and the leader of the study was Dr. Dan Cuthbertson, the University of Liverpool, UK. The study was presented at the European Congress on Obesity (ECO2017), between May 17 and 20, 2017 in Porto, Portugal.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 9.2 percent of the pregnant women were affected by gestational diabetes (GD) in the United States in 2014. An earlier study shows improvement in the insulin sensitivity when the body was exposed to the cold temperature as the body produces more heat to maintain body temperature. The cold weather can improve the insulin sensitivity of an individual as the brown adipose tissue play a protective role.
An observational study at the Mount Sinai Hospital, the St Michael's Hospital, the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES) and the University of Toronto shows an increase in the risk of gestational diabetes (GD) with a hot weather (air temperature). Authors say the number of women affected with gestational diabetes (GD) may continue to rise due to the consequence of the global warming.
The researchers examined 555,911 deliveries of 396,828 women with an average age of 31 years for 12 years (between 2002 and 2014). The researchers considered a temperature of less than or equal to 10℃ as cold temperature and an average temperature of 24℃ as hot temperature. Gestational diabetes (GD) screening was done after exposing the pregnant women for 30 days at either hot or cold temperatures.
Researchers found gestational diabetes in 4.6 percent of the pregnant women when exposed to cold temperature and in 7.7 percent of the pregnant women when exposed to hot temperature. The study shows a six to nine percent increase in gestational diabetes (GD) with every 10℃ increase in outdoor (atmospheric) temperature. A similar trend was found in mother of two babies with a difference in temperatures.
Researchers observed a direct association between the risk of gestational diabetes (GD) and outdoor temperature in 400,000 pregnant women. Lead author of the study was Dr. Gillian Booth, a researcher at St Michael's and ICES and the study was published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ).
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.