Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle.  Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases
 Article 193
    Published on May 21, 2017

High Salt Diet Putting Teens At Risk Of Heart Disease Later In Life

A study done by researchers at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center among children and funded by the National Institutes of Health shows an association between too much consumption of salt in the diet to arterial stiffness (or hardening of arteries) and cardiovascular diseases during adulthood. The arterial stiffness is a known risk factor for stroke and heart attack in adults.

In the current study, researchers recruited 775 participants from an Ohio children's hospital and measured brachial artery (BrachD) elasticity. They tracked salt or sodium consumption with brachial artery (BrachD) elasticity. Researchers adjusted the results with factors such as race, sex, age, body mass index (BMI) etc. The study results show higher sodium consumption was associated with higher stiffness in the arteries (higher PWV reading and lower BrachD reading).

Arterial stiffness, stroke, heart attack and cardiovascular diseases with high salt sodium diet.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says adults and teenagers should consume less than 2,300 mg of sodium per day. Lead author of the study was Dr. Elaine M Urbina, Director, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and the study findings were presented in the Pediatric Academic Societies 2017 held at San Francisco on May 8, 2017.

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Arterial stiffness : Arteriosclerosis and biological aging are the reasons for arterial stiffness. As arterial stiffness increases, risks to cardiovascular events also increases. As heartbeats, elastic nature of arteries allows arteries to expand and contract. Blood pressure due to heartbeats (blood pumping action) will reduce due to elastic nature of the arteries. Hardening of arteries (atherosclerosis) increases blood pressure. Regular exercise, no smoking, lower blood pressure, cholesterol and sugar levels help in softening of arteries.


New Tool Which Can Predict No Honeymoon Phase In Children With Type 1 Diabetes

A team of researchers at University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS) have developed a new tool which can predict the probability of non-remission (of insulin) or honeymoon phase in children diagnosed with type 1 diabetes (T1D) with 73 percent accuracy. The procedure was developed based on measurements such as diabetes-associated auto-antibodies and blood bicarbonates.

This innovative procedure helps doctors and health care professionals in identifying those children who require closer observation after diagnosis of their type 1 diabetes condition. The researchers found that 57 percent of the diagnosed type 1 diabetes in children or adolescents patients may not experience honeymoon or partial remission phase.

UMMS tool can predict nonremission of insulin or honeymoon phase in children with type 1 diabetes.

Earlier studies show those patients who do not experience honeymoon phase may need more insulin in later life and that individual may face health problems related to diabetes in later life. Author of the study was Dr. Benjamin Nwosu, an associate professor of pediatrics at the University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS), Worcester, United States and the study findings were published in the PLOS One journal.

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Partial remission : Honeymoon phase or partial remission phase means blood sugar or glucose levels can be controlled with just required insulin made by the beta cells in the pancreas. The patient may require additional lower doses of insulin injections or may not require it at all. If the measured HbA1c levels of an individual was at 75 mmol/mol (9 percent) or less, then one can believe to say that the individual was entered into honeymoon or partial remission phase.



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