A study by Dutch researchers from the Maastricht University shows a reduction in type 2 diabetes (T2D) and increase in insulin sensitivity by more than 40 percent by exposing patients with diabetes to slightly lower temperature by lowering central heating temperature by one degree Centigrade. The researchers say diabetes individuals can get positive health benefits by adjusting the thermostat in offices and homes. Lead author of the study was Professor Wouter van Marken Lichtenbelt from the Maastricht University, Holland and the study findings were published in the journal Building Research and Information.
Gestational diabetes can be diagnosed during the beginning of the third trimester even though it starts developing during the second half of the pregnancy. Possible adverse outcomes with gestational diabetes to both born baby and mother are pre-term birth, abnormal fetal growth, fetal injury and pre-eclampsia. Early diagnosis of gestational diabetes can prevent the above possible adverse outcomes. The existing procedure to find out the risk of gestational diabetes is with the information collected from women during the first week of pregnancy. Doctors may or may not ask for oral glucose tolerance testing (OGTT).
A new prediction of gestational diabetes in pregnant women with a simple blood test was developed by the researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, United States. With this innovative blood test, risks to gestational diabetes can be predicted early and accurately. The new study suggests measuring GCD59 (or glycated protein CD59) blood biomarker along with oral glucose tolerance testing (OGTT). The researchers found 10-fold increased levels of this protein in people having a risk of diabetes. Risks to the pregnancy complications and gestational diabetes increases as the levels of GCD59 protein increases in the blood.
With the new test procedure, health care professionals can detect the risk of gestational diabetes accurately and provide treatment to protect the mother and newborn child. Author of the study was Dr. Jose A Halperin, from Brigham and Women's Hospital and also an Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and the study findings were published in the journal Diabetes Care.
A study by the researchers shows major cause for world-wide heart-related deaths is reduced kidney function or kidney disease or renal disease. Reduced kidney function was found in nearly four percent of the deaths and more than 50 percent of them are heart-related and cardiovascular deaths. These findings stress that importance of conducting tests to identify and treat kidney diseases. Risk of heart-related death due to reduced kidney function was ranked after high blood pressure or hypertension, high blood sugar or glucose levels and obesity or overweight or BMI. The amount of risk is similar to high cholesterol levels. Author of the study was Dr.2017 Bernadette Thomas, a clinical nephrologist and a global health researcher and the study findings were published on April 13, 2017, in the journal the American Society of Nephrology.
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.