Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle.  Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases
 Article 176
    Published on May 1, 2017


Fresh Fruit Reduces Risk With Vascular Problems And Diabetes

A study done by researchers shows benefits such as prevention of diabetes, risk reduction of death and risk reduction for vascular complications with fresh fruit. But they say diabetes individuals should abstain from canned fruit and fruit juices. Researchers investigated links between diet and health among 500,000 Chinese adults aged between 30 - 79 years and came to above conclusion. Their study shows


  • 12 percent lower risk of the development of diabetes among individuals without diabetes with daily consumption of fresh fruit
  • 17 percent lower risk of death from any cause with the consumption of fresh fruit for three days in a week among individuals diagnosed with diabetes
  • Risk reduction between 13 to 28 percent to the development of major complications from a stroke and heart attack compared with those individuals who didn't eat fresh fruit

Fresh fruit reduces diabetes, vascular complications, death risk, stroke and heart attack.

Current USDA guidelines recommend adult men and women should consume 1.5 to 2 cups of fruit per day. But the guidelines do not say fruit at which stage such as fresh, processed, juice, frozen or canned. Author of the study is Huaidong Du and the study findings were published in the PLOS Medicine.




       
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Race (South Asia, Hispanic And Chinese) And Ethnicity Plays Role In Heart Diseases And Diabetes Even At Normal BMI

A study done by researchers from the Emory University, Atlanta Georgia and the University of California, Oakland, California shows the risk of diabetes, stroke and heart diseases among Americans of Hispanic and South Asian descent, even though they are not overweight. Researchers studied nearly 7,000 individuals, aged between 45 - 84 years, belonging to South Asia, Hispanic, Chinese, white and black. Senior author of the study says race and ethnicity is the only risk factor among minority Americans for cardio-metabolic health.


The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggests normal body mass index (BMI) range as 18.5 to 24.9. Researchers used 18.5 to 22.9 as a normal body mass index (BMI) for individuals belonging to South Asian and Chinese origin. Other risk factors considered by the researchers for the study are

  • Low levels of HDL cholesterol or "GOOD" cholesterol
  • High levels of triglycerides
  • High levels of blood sugar or glucose levels
  • High levels of blood pressure

Researchers considered individual is at risk for heart diseases, cardio-metabolic or diabetes linked abnormalities if the individual is with two or more risk factors. Researchers found following risks to diabetes abnormalities or heart disease among individuals, even though they are in the normal weight range.

  • Two times likely in individuals from the South Asian descent
  • At 80 percent among individuals from Hispanic descent compared with white individuals
  • At 50 percent among individuals from Chinese Americans and Blacks

The study shows race and ethnicity plays role in stroke heart diseases and diabetes.

The above abnormalities exist in non-white individuals even though their body mass index (BMI) is much lower. The authors say these abnormalities cannot be explained with reasons such as body fat locations, health behavior or demographic reasons. Senior author of the study is Dr. Alka Kanaya, professor of medicine, UCSF and first author the study is Unjali Gujral, a postdoctoral fellow, Emory University, Atlanta. The study findings were published April 3, 2017, in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine.




       
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