Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle.  Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases
 Article 85
    Published on November 25, 2016


Benefits With Moderate Walking

Many individuals are at risk of the development to type 2 diabetes (T2D) as they are leading a sedentary lifestyle. Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) says basic steps to prevent type 2 diabetes (T2D) is lifestyle changes such as the diet with lower calorie and fat, daily exercise and weight loss. Researchers conducted a study to find out the best option for performing daily exercise and lifestyle changes to prevent type 2 diabetes (T2D). The study findings show


  • Walking 13.8 miles (22.08 km) per week is very effective in improving fasting blood sugar levels even though the loss of body fat is just 2 kgs (4.4 lbs). The above exercise is equivalent to Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) approach with individuals with prediabetes.
  • Lifestyle changes (as per DPP) along with walking 13.8 miles (22.08 km) per week registered a significant reduction in fasting blood sugar levels.

Moderate walking of 13.8 miles or 22.08 km per week improves fasting blood sugar glucose levels.

Study findings were published in Diabetologia.




       
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DPP : Objective of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) is to find out whether following program measures could prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes (T2D). DPP program was designed to obtain and maintain at least 7 percent weight loss and physical exercise per week equal to 700 calories. The measures are

  • Weight loss through daily dietary changes
  • Weight loss through daily physical exercise or treatment with metformin (Glucophage) drug

After the DPP study, researchers concluded that

  • As weight reduces, the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) reduces
  • Lifestyle changes along with metformin drug reduce incidents of type 2 diabetes (T2D)
  • Lifestyle intervention was more effective than metformin
  • Metformin drug too helps an individual in reducing risk to type 2 diabetes (T2D) but it is less effective in individuals aged over 45 years. The drug is very effective in individuals between 25 and 44 years and with body mass index (BMI) equal to 35 or more
  • About 7.8 percent of the individuals using metformin drug are becoming new diabetic patient every year
  • Lifestyle changes reduced risk by 71 percent among aged individuals (over 60 years)

The strategies implemented in the program were very successful and resulted in 58 percent reduction in the incidents to type 2 diabetes (T2D). The study results were published on Feb 7, 2002, in the New England Journal of Medicine.

 

Risk To Diabetes With Loss Of Sleep

A research done by researchers from the University of California, San Francisco shows less than five hours of sleep at night likely to force an individual to consume sugary pop or energy drink, which is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D). Statistics shows


  • An individual likely to consume 21 percent more sugary drink if he sleeps 5 hours or less at night compared with an individual who sleeps seven to eight hours sleep
  • An individual likely to consume 11 percent more sugary drink if he sleeps 6 hours at night compared with an individual who sleeps seven to eight hours sleep
  • The study found no link between juice, tea or diet drink consumption with the number of hours sleep

Less sleep at night force an individual to consume sugary pop energy drink (type 2 diabetes risks).

It is not known whether consumption of sugar drink affecting sleep but treating sleep disorders reduces consumption of sugary drinks. Dr. Aric Prather says sleep loss and sugary drinks consumption were reinforcing one another and it is difficult to eliminate unhealthy sugary drink consumption. Previous studies show artificial sugar drinks increases the risk of high blood sugar levels (the risk factor for type 2 diabetes - T2D) and body fat (the risk factor for obesity). Another previous study shows lack of sleep increases the risk of hunger and metabolic disease. Researchers analyzed records of 18,779 individuals between 2005 and 2012 and came to conclusion. The study findings were published in the journal Sleep Health.




       
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Risks While Individual Grow Older

A study done by researchers from McMaster University, Ontario shows individuals are more likely to be lonely and disable as they grow older if they are suffering from heart disease, arthritis, diabetes or depression. Study results show


  • Middle-aged women suffering from depression and diabetes were likely to lead a lonely life and disabled as they grow older
  • Middle-aged men suffering from heart disease and diabetes were likely to be left disabled as they grow older
  • Both men and women are linked to disability as they grow older if they are suffering from arthritis

Researchers analyzed more than 15,000 individuals aged between 45 and 85 years. Lead researcher of the study is Lauren Griffith and the study findings were published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.




       
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