Prof Roy Taylor and his team at Newcastle University are conducting research studies to reverse type 2 diabetes (T2D) conditions in patients by giving very low-calorie diet. Using MRI scan, researchers revealed the amount of fat inside liver and pancreas which is an indicator to the risk of development of type 2 diabetes. As the fat in liver and pancreas increases, the risk to the development of diabetes increases. Researchers say 2-month dietary changes such as reducing carbs intake, selecting foods with low glycemic index (GI) levels and quantity we eat can show dramatic results.
The key characteristics of the type 2 diabetes (T2D) disease is
The pancreas releases pulses of insulin proportionate to the amount of sugar present in the blood with the help of the "clock" in beta cells. The released insulin control the amount of glucose released by the liver and force body cells to consume more glucose. But in case of high blood sugar level cases, the excess sugar levels terminate the functioning of "clock" of the beta cells and reduces insulin production. Researchers found the reasons for the development of type 2 diabetes and say type 2 diabetes can be eliminated by restarting insulin clock (which can normalize insulin production) and controlled glucose pulses. Researchers in the study say their work will show new therapies in preventing type 2 diabetes (T2D). Co-author of the study Joseph McKenna, Florida State University and study findings were published in the journal PLOS Computational Biology.
A research study done by researchers from Cardiff University shows blood sugar levels can be managed in a better way by using smartphone diabetes apps. With diabetes apps, patients can track treatments and medicines, store information such as blood sugar data, plan diets and foods, set reminders and manage clinical appointments. Researchers studied 14 previous reviews and say there was a reduction in HbA1c blood glucose levels of about 6 mmol/mol (0.5%) with the usage of smartphone diabetes apps. Dr. Ben Carter is a member of the research team and says usage of smartphone mobile apps will exceed 5 billion users by the end of this decade.
A Study done by researchers from Yeshiva University, New York shows chances of distress or depression symptoms in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients are due to missing medications. Researchers studied 104 individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and came to conclusion. But authors says treating depression symptoms (in diabetes patients) with timely consumption of medications may not cure depression. Health complications resulting from skipping medications will be felt in the long term. The complications will be such as
Previous studies show that depression and diabetes are interrelated. Diabetes increases depression symptoms and newly acquired depression symptoms increase existing diabetes further. Lead author of the study is Jeffrey S Gonzalez and study findings were published in the journal Diabetes Care.
Lipid : Basically a source of fuel and an important component of living cells. Triglycerides and cholesterol are lipids. These are an important component of our diet with high energy and will be stored in our body cells as fat. They also act as an insulator and protects the body from external cold and heat environment. Oils and fats contain lipids.
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.