Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases. Article 53
Published on September 11, 2016 at 10:30 PM


Total Daily Energy Expenditure, METs And Hot Bath

Researchers from NIHR, UK after studying 10 sedentary lifestyle males with passive heating concluded that passive heating (such as hot bath) can reduce peak blood sugar levels by 10 percent and increase in energy expenditure by 80 percent (by burning 126 calories per hour). Dr Steve Faulkner is the investigator for the study. He is a post-doctoral research associate for the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), UK.


       
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Energy expenditure : An individual to perform a body function such as breathing or running or any other activity requires some energy (expressed in calories) and is called energy expenditure. Total number calories an individual burn in a day is called TDEE or total daily energy expenditure. Number of calories used in performing a activity is calculated with the formula
Calories spent = (Metabolic equivalent of a task or METs) X (Individual weight in kgs) x (Time spent in hours)
MET is index of the intensity of activity or the rate of energy (calories) consumption by body and expressed in MET minutes.
For example,

 

Dyslipidemia And Risks To Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) And Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD)

Diabetic dyslipidemia make diabetes patients vulnerable to cardiovascular disease and death. Risk to diabetic dyslipidemia can double with diabetes patients. A study done by Morton Leibowitz, Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, New York University and his colleagues shows cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks can be reduced by achieving LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) levels of 70.1 mg/dL-100 mg/dL with statin therapy. Statin therapy along with moderate LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) index values can benefit individuals with ischemic heart disease (IHD). Good LDL cholesterol or LDL-C (<70 mg/dL) may not provide additional benefits to cardiovascular diseases.


       
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Dyslipidemia : Dyslipidemia is excess amount of lipids in the blood due to diet and lifestyle. Prolonged elevated levels of insulin may also lead to dyslipidemia. Mixed dyslipidemia is the condition in which high levels of triglyceride (TG) and LDL cholesterol along with low levels of HDL cholesterol. Dyslipidemia in diabetes patients increases risk to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Dyslipidemia can be treated by lowering LDL levels. Drugs such as statins, resins or ezetimibe, fenofibrate or niacin can be used.

Ischemic heart disease : Ischemic heart disease or coronary artery disease condition in an individual affects blood supply to heart due to cholesterol deposits in blood vessels.

 

Coronary Artery Disease And Risks To Coronary Artery Calcification (CAC) Score
Researchers compared CAC score of 387 individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D), psoriasis and healthy individuals and concluded that coronary artery calcium (CAC) score appears to be 5 times higher in an individual with type ii diabetes (T2D) and psoriasis compared with healthy individuals. Study findings were published in the JAMA Dermatology.

       
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Coronary artery calcium : Amount of calcium on the walls of the heart arteries (that supply blood to heart) is known as coronary artery calcium score (CAC score). CAC score indicates disease atherosclerosis (the level of hardening of the artery wall) and it is a risk factor to coronary artery disease (CAD), heart attack and brain attack (stroke).

Psoriasis : Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease affecting life cycle of the skin with patches of abnormal red, itchy, dry patches and scaly skin. Psoriasis occurs on any part of the body but mostly on knees, elbows, torso, scalp, nails, joints, palms and soles of the feet. The pus of the infected skin contains white blood cells. This disease is neither an infection nor contagious. Reason for the disease is not known but researchers believe that T-cells (that protect body from viruses) turn against body and attack healthy skin cells.

 

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Diabetes News Chronicle does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Information in Diabetes News Chronicle is to support and not to replace medical advice given by surgeon or physician or doctor. Published article is not a medical advice by the OWNER of "Diabetes News Chronicle" website or by the AUTHOR of the article.


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