Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle. Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases. Article 128
Published on February 9, 2017 at 08:30 PM


 



Death Rates Higher In Rural Areas

According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Atlanta, age-adjusted deaths of individuals due to diseases in rural areas are higher compared with metropolitan areas in the United States. The top five diseases those causing death in rural and metropolitan areas between 1991 - 2014 are

The authors of the report say about 15 percent of the United States population lives in rural areas of the United States. Most of them are inactive during the leisure time. Authors observed following in the rural population compared with metropolitan areas.

  • More people smoking a cigarette
  • Higher incidents of hypertension
  • More people with higher body mass index (BMI) or obesity
  • Higher incidents of inactiveness
  • More people not getting proper healthcare facilities compared with metropolitan areas
  • More people under poverty compared with metropolitan areas
  • Death rates with top 5 diseases are higher in rural areas compared with metropolitan areas

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says they are working on

  • To reduce smoking habit and obesity (risk factors to stroke, chronic lower respiratory disease, heart attack and cancer) in individuals living in rural areas
  • Increasing access to healthcare facilities to screen diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases

The report was published online on Jan 13 in morbidity and mortality weekly report of CDC.



       
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Researchers Found Beta Cells Attacking Mechanism

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) increases the risk of complications such as heart disease, kidney failure and nerve damages. A study done by researchers from Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne, Switzerland found a mechanism that forces body immune system to destroy beta cells in the pancreas of type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients.

Beta cells produce exosomes protein in packages in addition to insulin. Researchers found following phenomena during infection and stressful events

  • Increase in the release of exosomes protein packages from beta cells when an individual is in an underbody infection or under stressful condition
  • Exosomes protein packages released from beta cells were decorated with chemical warning signals (chaperone proteins)
  • The decoration (chaperone proteins) attracts body immune system to destroy beta cells

Baekkeskov and her team analyzed exosomes protein from rat and human beta cells and found they are carrying beta-cell proteins known to the antibodies of the immune system. They also found triggering phenomena of immune cells with the exosomes proteins. The researchers are thinking of covering exosomes proteins with some chemical signals to attract beta cell killing immune cells and block or kill them. Author of the study is Steinunn Baekkeskov and the study findings were published in the Live Science.



       
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Burning More Fat But Less Blood Glucose Leads To Diabetes

A study shows burning more fat but less glucose leads to type 2 diabetes. Muscles attached to bones play an important role by consuming a lot of blood glucose. Diabetes likely to develop if muscles fail to consume sugar due to the development of insulin resistance condition in the body. The study findings were published in the journal Nature Medicine.



       
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