Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle. Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases. Article 111
Published on January 11, 2017 at 02:30 PM


 



About Cardiac Rehabilitation

Cardiac rehabilitation (also called as cardiac rehab) medical programme is for the people

  • Cardiac or heart patient
  • An individual with high-risk factors for heart complications such as diabetes, family history, high cholesterol levels and high blood pressure (BP)

This programme helps an individual in following aspects

  • Understanding the heart condition
  • Modify lifestyle and diet issues to help heart condition
  • Recover from a heart attack or heart surgery
  • Reduce risk associated with heart disease


Cardiac rehabilitation programme is a personalized programme containing changes in diet, nutrition, education, counseling and lifestyle to reduce risk with heart events such as

  • Heart attack
  • Heart failure
  • Angioplasty and stents
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Chest pain or angina
  • Surgery, replacement or repair of a heart valve
  • Individual with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implants
  • Coronary artery bypass grafting
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention

Cardiac rehab programme benefits heart patient in

  • Reduction in hospital visits
  • Reduction in medicines and treatment costs to treat heart or chest pain
  • Improvement in health
  • Reduction in future heart problems
  • The patient can live longer
  • Improves the quality of life


Cardiac rehabilitation team includes experts in following fields

  • Case manager
  • Mental health specialists
  • Doctors
  • Nurses
  • Therapists
  • Diet specialists
  • Exercise specialists
  • Nutrition specialists

The heart patient can learn following aspects during the programme

  • How to do exercise safely
  • How to increase energy expenditure
  • How to increase physical activity

Duration of the cardiac rehab programme depends upon the condition of the heart patient. Most of the cardiac rehab programme training is for the duration of 12 to 24 weeks containing up to 36 sessions. After completion of the programme, the patient should follow them for the rest of the life. Possible tests were undertaken before the cardiac rehabilitation programme are

  • An electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG)
  • Cardiac imaging tests
  • A treadmill or stationary bike exercise test
  • Cholesterol levels
  • Blood sugar levels

Physical activity (such as gardening, cleaning the house or walking with your pet) involves increased body movements intended to increase in energy expenditure of the body and lose more calories. Exercise programme forces the heart to supply more blood and keeps the total cardiovascular system in proper working condition. Previous studies show that a cardiac rehabilitation programme helps heart patients recover faster from hospitalization and even live longer. Cardiac rehabilitation programme costs are often covered by Insurance and Medicare.



       
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Electrocardiogram : Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) process is a simple and noninvasive process to detect and record electrical changes on the skin originated from heart muscle during each heartbeat by placing electrodes over skin over a period of time (10 seconds). There are no risks or harm with this test procedure. Some types of ECG are

  • Exercise ECG was done on a treadmill to assess the condition of coronary arteries, a condition which may lead to angina
  • Ambulatory ECG was done to assess the abnormal heart condition that may happen occasionally and for short duration, while walking (ambulatory) or doing normal activities for a period of 24 or 48 hours

ECG or EKG helps in measuring

  • The rhythm of the heartbeat
  • The rate of heartbeat
  • Helps in detecting areas deprived of oxygen or dead tissue in the heart
  • To investigate causes of chest pain due to the heart attack, inflammation or pericarditis
  • Position and size of the heart chamber
  • To know side effects of medical treatments
  • Damages to the heart muscle
  • To find out whether heart chamber walls are too thick
  • To find symptoms of heart disease such as dizziness, fainting, palpitations and breathing problem
  • Functioning of implanted pacemakers. Pacemakers are implanted mechanical devices in the heart to control the heartbeat

 



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The Diabetes News Chronicle does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Information in Diabetes News Chronicle is to support and not to replace medical advice given by the surgeon or physician or doctor. Published article is not a medical advice by the OWNER of "Diabetes News Chronicle" website or by the AUTHOR of the article.


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