Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle. Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases. Article 103
Published on December 29, 2016 at 10:30 PM


 



Risks With Obesity And Type 2 Diabetes

As per Time to End Cardiovascular Complacency report released by the Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, there was a resurgence in heart diseases deaths due to increasing rate of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity diseases in individuals. Life expectancy in humans was increased by about 10 years due to medical advancements during the last 50 years. The report warns the benefits due to medical advancements are in jeopardy due to increasing rate of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity. Heart disease death rates may increase in coming years. Individuals are not undergoing treatment to reduce the risk of diseases. The report says among old people, the risk of irregular heartbeat, heart failure, stroke and aortic stenosis are on the rise. Risk of stroke increased by five times. Irregular heartbeat is becoming common. The report also says an increase in the individuals diagnosed with an irregular heartbeat. Co-author of the study is Prof Jonathan Shaw.



 



       
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Irregular heartbeat : Irregular heartbeat or atrial fibrillation (AF or AFib) is a condition of the heart beating fast (as high as 150 beats per second) and irregularly. Often this condition will be discovered during routine medical checkups. This arises because of upper chambers of heartbeat irregularly and upper and lower chambers of heart beets without coordination affecting the flow of blood from lower chambers to upper chambers. Pulse check, stress tests, an echocardiogram can show the existence of irregular heartbeat. Risks to irregular heartbeat increase with age. irregular heartbeat condition may not show symptoms. Occasional mild symptoms are

  • Fast and irregular heartbeat
  • Shortness of breath or anxiety
  • Weakness or tiredness
  • Heart palpitations (throb rapidly)
  • Fainting or dizziness or nausea
  • Sweating
  • Light headedness
  • Chest pressure or pain
  • Fatigue
  • Reduced strength to do exercise

Possible causes for irregular heartbeat are

Risk factors for irregular heartbeat are

Complications with an irregular heartbeat are

Possible treatment for an irregular heartbeat is

  • Medications
  • Lifestyle changes
  • Surgery

 



About Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a deadly condition due to the poor management of type 1 diabetes (T1D) disease. Blood sugar levels increase when the body is without insulin. When type 1 diabetes (T1D) patient skips his insulin dosage, the body cells cannot use sugar in the blood as a fuel. The body cells start breaking body fat to use them as fuel. This process releases ketones acids into the bloodstream which is poisonous. Ketone levels in the body can be measured from urine. American Diabetes Association recommends testing ketone levels when blood sugar levels exceed 240 mg/dL. Symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis are

  • Dry skin and mouth
  • Rapid breathing
  • Frequent urination
  • A headache
  • Vomiting
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Pain in stomach


Risk factors for the build-up of ketoacidosis in the body are

Complications with Ketoacidosis are

  • Fluid levels in the brain increases - cerebral edema
  • Heart attack
  • Fluid levels in the kidney increases - kidney failure

Measures to prevent the occurrence of ketoacidosis are

  • Eating healthy food
  • Not to skip insulin shots
  • Daily exercise
  • Monitoring blood sugar and ketone levels periodically

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients may develop ketoacidosis but risks to the development are very less. Exercise is not recommended when tests show high levels of blood sugar and ketone levels in the body and patient should immediately consult the doctor.



       
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